how to identify turtles


Turtles can be highly aquatic (staying in water most of their lives) or semi-aquatic.

You are most likely to see turtles out and about between May and October, and between the hours of 10 and 2.

They are often seen basking on logs, crossing roads, or nesting.

Sometimes you may be lucky to see turtles swimming in their natural habitats.

Parts of a Turtle

  • The top shell of a turtle is called a carapace
  • The under-shell of a turtle is called a plasteron
  • Many turtles have distinct carapace shapes or markings that can be used to identify them. Some turtles have colouring such as yellow-throats or red lines on their necks. Some turtles are very small and don't grow bigger than your hand such as the stink-pot or slightly bigger is the spotted turtle.
  • The triangular or geometric sections on the carapace are called scutes
  • Ridges are found around the carapace

Types of  Turtles: